6800B QHR Turnkey System with Helium Re-Liquefaction

Transportable & Affordable QHR Standard

  • Accuracy to <0.02ppm
  • Features Accubridge® Technology
  • Built in Rxx (uVolt) Measurements for Sweep Check, Contact Resistance Measurements
  • Built in Rxy (nVolt) Measurements for
    Dissipation Measurements
  • Direct Transfer to 1kΩ and 10kΩ Std
  • System Range 0.1Ω to 100kΩ
  • Helium Recovery System Feeds the Cryostat Boil-Off Directly to the Helium Re-Liquifier
  • Average Liquefaction Rate of 20 Liters/Day
  • Power Failure Battery Backup Detection
  • Built in Safety Shutdown Feature
  • Fully Automated Build Up or Build Down from
    QHR Value
  • Manual or IEEE488 Controlled
  • 8 Tesla or 9 Tesla Magnet
  • Room Temperature DCC Requires no Liquid Helium to Operate
  • Sample Interchange Design
  • System, Bridge, Samples Calibrated/Verified by NMI
  • Graphic Compatible
  • 6800B Chosen By NIST For Graphic
    Research Collaboration
Model Information

The Quantized Hall Resistance Standard is internationally recognized as the representation of the ohm and is the most stable resistance standard known. Many National Laboratories and industries are finding a need to provide highly accurate, traceable reference standards in support of their “hi-tech” environments. The 6800B system has been developed to meet the needs of National Laboratories and Primary Industrial Laboratories around the world.

The MI 6800B (Quantized Hall Resistance Standard) is a fully automated primary standard developed as an economic means to provide a highly reproducible resistance standard. This system is a completely “turn-key” system and requires little to no manual intervention. A wide neck storage Dewar and instrumentation rack are mounted on castors for portability. A variable temperature pumped 4He refrigerator with integral 8 Tesla, or optional 9 Telsa magnet can be installed.

With the integrated helium re-liquification system you have your own helium store. Liquid helium shortages, erratic deliveries and steady price increases have become commonplace. This shortage with the continuous price increases causes many labs to have difficulty efficiently completing their measurement goals. Measurements International solves this problem with their re-liquification helium liquefier; which is like having your own liquid helium store.

MI has integrated a super-conducting magnet system into a small, laboratory helium liquefier allowing for near zero-loss of this system. There are minimal fees associated with the operation of the liquefier that are far outweighed by the high cost of liquid helium. Traditionally, depending upon liquid helium usage, a system will pay for itself within two years of continuous operation.

System Operation time can be defined as follows:

  1. Cooldown of System – 2 days.
  2. Sample checks – ½ day.
  3. QHR measurements vs 1kΩ – ½ day.
  4. Scaling down to 0.1Ω or up to 100kΩ – 1 day.

Within one week all system operation can be completed.

The system is a development of many years of experience in Quantized Hall System Design, Resistance Measurements, and Cryogenics.


The 6800B Resistance Standard sample provides the absolute value of resistance related to the von Klitzing constant of 25 812.807 459 3045Ω. Operating on step i = 2 and i = 4 plateau, the 6800B compares the QHR value of 12 906.40373Ω and 6453.201865Ω to either a 10kΩ or 1kΩ resistor. The reference or sample, developed at the National Research Council of Canada (NRCC) is maintained at 1.2K in a mobile 40-L helium-filled dewar with fields to 8T or 9T supplied by the integral magnet. Due to its integrated helium recovery system, 6800B is designed to operate continuously. Special precautions have been taken to avoid contaminating or damaging the sample.

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The 6800B consists of a 40 liters dewar with a pumped 4He refrigerator, an 8 Telsa or 9 Telsa superconducting magnet with support assembly, temperature sensor, heater and a 19” instrument rack with superconducting magnet power supply, temperature controller, helium level sensor and an oil free mechanical vacuum pump.

The Dewar is mounted on heavy-duty castors for transportability from one room to another. The system can also be shipped cold from one facility to another as a primary reference transfer standard.

Recent design improvements to the system have been implemented to allow for the addition of an easier method for Sample Interchange. By including this into the design users of the 6800B can now easily interchange samples at their convenience without exposing the sample to atmosphere until it has reached room temperature.

The model 6800B has been designed to address customers need for a more economical system helping relieve the dependence for having to purchase liquid helium every time you wish to operate the System.

Previous systems required the purchase of 100 liters of liquid helium. The cost of liquid helium is still increasing and will increase going forward. With the 6800B system, customers can now cooldown the system using helium gas cylinders (9 – 10 required) at an estimated cost of approximate $100/cylinder.

MI is ONLY commercial supplier of the QHR system.

Further to this MI can also offer the optional direct helium recovery system where the boil off gas is captured and stored in a separate space aged portable gas storage tank.

Making it the ideal solution for long term shutdown. With system closed loop operation, no external plumbing or gas bag is required. The 6800B provides a system which has an average liquefaction rate of 18 liters per day.

Measurement System

An improved Direct Current Comparator Bridge (Model Accubridge® 6020Q) operating in room temperature air which allows two resistors to be compared with accuracy’s to 2 part in 10-8. The Accubridge® 6020Q Bridge is used to compare the QHR device directly to either a 10kΩ or 1kΩ standard resistor. The bridge can also be used to measure the field dependence of Rxx and Rxy, to make precision measurements of Rxx and to measure the contact resistance of the QHR device: in short, to carry out all the measurements necessary to ensure the accuracy of the QHR resistor. The bridge and low thermal matrix scanner can then be used to build up or down from the 1kΩ resistor to establish values for 1, 10, 100, 1k, 10k and 100kΩ primary resistors to a very high level of accuracy. The 6020Q Bridge can be used stand-alone or with Measurements International’s 6800B software for automated measurements.

The 6800B system is modular in design and the three parts, the 6800B sample, the 6800B Cryogenics and the 6020Q Bridge may be purchased separately. Several options are available to the user including extra QHR samples, a stainless steel liquid helium transfer line to allow continuous operation.


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Key Specifications
Accuracy QHR to 1k <2 x 10-8
Stability <1 x 10-8
Insulation Resistance >1013 Ohms
Magnet Strength 8 Tesla or 9 Tesla
Plateaus i=2, i=4
Temperature 4He, 1.2 Kelvin
Dewar Size 40 liters
Operating Environment 18 to 34°C, 10 to 80% RH
Warranty 1 Year Parts & Labor


Either Rs or Rx can be selected as the standard. Uncertainties specified at 2 sigma level (95%) includes
all secondary specifications such as linearity and noise
with a ± 2°C
temperature variance
0.1Ω to 100kΩ
Rs or Rx Ratio & Uncertainty (ppm)
0.1:1 1:1 10:1 14:1
<0.02 <0.015 <0.015 <0.02
10Ω <0.02 <0.015 <0.015 <0.02
100Ω <0.02 <0.015 <0.015 <0.02
1kΩ <0.02 <0.015 <0.02 <0.02
10kΩ <0.02 <0.02 <0.05


Measurement Mode 4-Wire
Linearity <0.005ppm of full scale
Operating Conditions 10°C to 35°C, 10% to 90% RH non-condensing
Test Current Range 10μA to 150mA
Test Current Resolution 18-bit
Interface IEEE488.2
Display Touch Screen Display (No external keyboard), Resolution 0.001ppm
Additional Options

Option A: Direct Helium Gas Recovery System for Long Term Storage


Standard Resistor Oil Bath

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Temperature Controlled Standard Resistor Air Bath with GPIB

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9210A-1 (Primary)
1Ω Resistor with Carrying Case

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9331R (Primary)
Series of Four Terminal Air Resistors from 1Ω to 100kΩ

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9331 (Secondary)
Series of Four Terminal Air Resistors from 1mΩ to 100mΩ

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